# Watch this Sbase

In standard notation, there are two ways to represent 2: 10, in base 2, and 2 in every other base. Accordingly, there are three ways to represent 3: 11 in base 2, 10 in base 3, and 3 in every other base. There are four ways to represent 4, five ways to represent 5, and so on. Now, suppose you sum all the digits of all the representations of n in the bases 2 to n, like this:

Σ(2) = 1+02 = 1
Σ(3) = 1+12 + 1+03 = 3 (+2)
Σ(4) = 1+0+02 + 1+13 + 1+04 = 4 (+1)
Σ(5) = 1+0+12 + 1+23 + 1+14 + 1+05 = 8 (+4)
Σ(6) = 1+1+02 + 2+03 + 1+24 + 1+15 + 1+06 = 10 (+2)
Σ(7) = 1+1+12 + 2+13 + 1+34 + 1+25 + 1+16 + 1+07 = 16 (+6)
Σ(8) = 1+0+0+02 + 2+23 + 2+04 + 1+35 + 1+26 + 1+17 + 1+08 = 17 (+1)
Σ(9) = 1+0+0+12 + 1+0+03 + 2+14 + 1+45 + 1+36 + 1+27 + 1+18 + 1+09 = 21 (+4)
Σ(10) = 1+0+1+02 + 1+0+13 + 2+24 + 2+05 + 1+46 + 1+37 + 1+28 + 1+19 + 1+010 = 25 (+4)

It seems reasonable to suppose that as n increases, so the all-digit-sum of n increases. But that isn’t always the case: occasionally it decreases. Here are the sums for n=11..100 (with prime factors when the sum is composite):

Σ(11) = 35 = 5·7 (+10)
Σ(12) = 34 = 2·17 (-1)
Σ(13) = 46 = 2·23 (+12)
Σ(14) = 52 = 22·13 (+6)
Σ(15) = 60 = 22·3·5 (+8)
Σ(16) = 58 = 2·29 (-2)
Σ(17) = 74 = 2·37 (+16)
Σ(18) = 73 (-1)
Σ(19) = 91 = 7·13 (+18)
Σ(20) = 92 = 22·23 (+1)
Σ(21) = 104 = 23·13 (+12)
Σ(22) = 114 = 2·3·19 (+10)
Σ(23) = 136 = 23·17 (+22)
Σ(24) = 128 = 27 (-8)
Σ(25) = 144 = 24·32 (+16)
Σ(26) = 156 = 22·3·13 (+12)
Σ(27) = 168 = 23·3·7 (+12)
Σ(28) = 171 = 32·19 (+3)
Σ(29) = 199 (+28)
Σ(30) = 193 (-6)
Σ(31) = 223 (+30)
Σ(32) = 221 = 13·17 (-2)
Σ(33) = 241 (+20)
Σ(34) = 257 (+16)
Σ(35) = 281 (+24)
Σ(36) = 261 = 32·29 (-20)
Σ(37) = 297 = 33·11 (+36)
Σ(38) = 315 = 32·5·7 (+18)
Σ(39) = 339 = 3·113 (+24)
Σ(40) = 333 = 32·37 (-6)
Σ(41) = 373 (+40)
Σ(42) = 367 (-6)
Σ(43) = 409 (+42)
Σ(44) = 416 = 25·13 (+7)
Σ(45) = 430 = 2·5·43 (+14)
Σ(46) = 452 = 22·113 (+22)
Σ(47) = 498 = 2·3·83 (+46)
Σ(48) = 472 = 23·59 (-26)
Σ(49) = 508 = 22·127 (+36)
Σ(50) = 515 = 5·103 (+7)
Σ(51) = 547 (+32)
Σ(52) = 556 = 22·139 (+9)
Σ(53) = 608 = 25·19 (+52)
Σ(54) = 598 = 2·13·23 (-10)
Σ(55) = 638 = 2·11·29 (+40)
Σ(56) = 634 = 2·317 (-4)
Σ(57) = 670 = 2·5·67 (+36)
Σ(58) = 698 = 2·349 (+28)
Σ(59) = 756 = 22·33·7 (+58)
Σ(60) = 717 = 3·239 (-39)
Σ(61) = 777 = 3·7·37 (+60)
Σ(62) = 807 = 3·269 (+30)
Σ(63) = 831 = 3·277 (+24)
Σ(64) = 819 = 32·7·13 (-12)
Σ(65) = 867 = 3·172 (+48)
Σ(66) = 861 = 3·7·41 (-6)
Σ(67) = 927 = 32·103 (+66)
Σ(68) = 940 = 22·5·47 (+13)
Σ(69) = 984 = 23·3·41 (+44)
Σ(70) = 986 = 2·17·29 (+2)
Σ(71) = 1056 = 25·3·11 (+70)
Σ(72) = 1006 = 2·503 (-50)
Σ(73) = 1078 = 2·72·11 (+72)
Σ(74) = 1114 = 2·557 (+36)
Σ(75) = 1140 = 22·3·5·19 (+26)
Σ(76) = 1155 = 3·5·7·11 (+15)
Σ(77) = 1215 = 35·5 (+60)
Σ(78) = 1209 = 3·13·31 (-6)
Σ(79) = 1287 = 32·11·13 (+78)
Σ(80) = 1263 = 3·421 (-24)
Σ(81) = 1293 = 3·431 (+30)
Σ(82) = 1333 = 31·43 (+40)
Σ(83) = 1415 = 5·283 (+82)
Σ(84) = 1368 = 23·32·19 (-47)
Σ(85) = 1432 = 23·179 (+64)
Σ(86) = 1474 = 2·11·67 (+42)
Σ(87) = 1530 = 2·32·5·17 (+56)
Σ(88) = 1530 = 2·32·5·17 (=)
Σ(89) = 1618 = 2·809 (+88)
Σ(90) = 1572 = 22·3·131 (-46)
Σ(91) = 1644 = 22·3·137 (+72)
Σ(92) = 1663 (+19)
Σ(93) = 1723 (+60)
Σ(94) = 1769 = 29·61 (+46)
Σ(95) = 1841 = 7·263 (+72)
Σ(96) = 1784 = 23·223 (-57)
Σ(97) = 1880 = 23·5·47 (+96)
Σ(98) = 1903 = 11·173 (+23)
Σ(99) = 1947 = 3·11·59 (+44)
Σ(100) = 1923 = 3·641 (-24)

The sum usually increases, occasionally decreases. In one case, when 87 = n = 88, it stays the same. This also happens when 463 = n = 464, where Σ(463) = Σ(464) = 39,375. Does it happen again? I don’t know. The ratio of sum-ups to sum-downs seems to tend towards 3:1. Is that the exact ratio at infinity? I don’t know. Watch this sbase.

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